Prior to today, this podcast had been published as a part of our long-running Managing Uncertainty Podcast, but now we’re spinning this off into its own podcast. We explain our thinking a little more deeply in the episode, so have a listen.
Topics discussed on today’s podcast include:
- WSJ: NBA Arenas prepare for Hong Kong protests
- WSJ: US troops withdrawing from Syria draw scorn
- International Elections: Canada, Israel
- The Conversation: Chile protests escalate as widespread dissatisfaction shakes foundations of country’s economic success story
- Leadership vacancies at the US Department of Homeland Security
Bray Wheeler: Hi. Welcome to this week’s episode of BryghtCast for the week of October 21st, 2019. Before we get started, I mean everyone may have noticed there was some new music. There is some potentially new graphics up for this podcast. We have elected to spin this off a little bit from the Managing Uncertainty podcast where it has lived since we’ve started doing this into its own podcast. We’ve gotten some overwhelming support from folks and listeners, so we’ve decided to break that apart. So over the next few weeks, you’ll see the new graphic, you’ll see this split off. There may be some additional things that we’re kicking around to include with this podcast. So before we jump in…
Bryan Strawser: So this is Bryan Strawser here at Bryghtpath. I think one of the important things to point out here is really two fold. This is now going to be its own podcast. So if you’re listening to this on the Managing Uncertainty podcast, this is the last episode we’ll be posting to this channel, this subscription of the BryghtCast. We’ll continue with what you’re used to on Managing Uncertainty, which is this deeper 15 to 30 minute dive into a particular topic related to crisis management, business continuity risk, organizational resilience.
Bryan Strawser: You’ll want to subscribe to BryghtCast Weekly, which will be the new podcast name in order to continue to receive BryghtCast, and that should be up in the next day or so, should be available on iTunes and Stitcher and Google play and all the wonderful places where you can find podcasts. We’ll remind you of this a few times in the coming weeks as well. But with that…
Bray Wheeler: Yeah, we’re super excited.
Bryan Strawser: Welcome to BryghtCast Weekly. We’ve got a handful of topics I think that Bray’s going to kick us off on.
Bray Wheeler: Again, this is Bray Wheeler consultant here at Bryghtpath and so for the week of October 21st, we’re going to just kick right into it. The big topic that we’ve been talking about for weeks and weeks and weeks, Hong Kong. What’s unique about the situation that we’re going to delve into here real briefly is the fact that not much has changed, status quo. Hong Kong continues to be filled with unrest, but what’s unique is the NBA is now prepping for protests at games in the US and Canada, in particular the opening night games in both Toronto and Los Angeles.
Bray Wheeler: So it’ll get very interesting for the National Basketball Association here over the next couple of weeks in terms of their fallout from their back and forth with China around support for Hong Kong, freedom of speech. It’s been just a mixed conversation, even within the NBA and with fans of the NBA as well as just the public at large, but really for this demonstrates the NBA as organization wading into the waters of Hong Kong and the results of how they’ve handled themselves, probably not so well.
Bryan Strawser: Not so well. The NBA’s in a really difficult situation, right? I mean they are organization that was founded in the United States and has a market. Their largest market is still the United States, although that may change in the future. Their teams are in the US and Canada, but there are attempting to turn themselves into a global league, and they’re playing games in International locations and they have a huge deal, huge contract in China that will likely become their largest market over time. The Chinese citizens are huge into basketball. That’s been a trend that’s been going on for some time. If I take off, my I’m an American hat, for a minute, the NBA is in a horrible bind.
Bryan Strawser: From a purely business perspective, there is no easy decisions for them here. I think they’re going to try to thread the needle. I don’t know. It really never works to do that. But they are faced with a really difficult decision and that is do they cater to their existing market, which will piss off their likely future larger market, or do they cater to the future larger market and piss off their current market, or do they find some way to thread the needle in the middle? I’m not sure how they do that. But the complicating factor to all of that is that activists have figured out that the NBA is sensitive to this, and it’s making a lot of play and therefore the activists, are going to lean into this issue with the NBA and provoke responses that will likely benefit the activists over anything else, so that’s the bind they’re in.
Bryan Strawser: If I put my American hat back on, I think the message that they’re receiving here in the United States is you should… I mean, why would you not back democracy? Why would you not eject these people, or why would you not welcome these kinds of protests? Why would you not make statements in support of that? Why are you censoring people who are?
Bray Wheeler: Right.
Bryan Strawser: And then I think I’ve mentioned in all of this too is the NBA has changed their rules of conduct for fans and taunts and basically even if you don’t bring in a sign or wear a shirt, if you chant things that are not related to the game, you can be ejected.
Bray Wheeler: Correct. Over the past few weeks in these pre-season games they’ve kicked out a number of fans for holding up simple Pro-Hong Kong signs, Chance, T-shirts, the whole nine yards and they’ve booted them right out. They’re in a really, really tough spot. In the sport of basketball, just in comparison to the other major sports in the US, that’s the one that’s really gotten international foothold and really taken off that the other sports leagues don’t necessarily have to combat with. Certainly baseball is an International sport. Certainly hockey is very popular in North America and Europe. But in terms of actual leagues, actual connectivity with the Pro League, the NBA is really the only one that has to deal with this.
Bryan Strawser: Right. Baseball and football have just stepped there. They’ve just dip their tippy-toes in-
Bray Wheeler: Right.
Bryan Strawser: With all of this.
Bray Wheeler: It’s all localized in a way that the NBA certainly has capitalized on the big market and popularity in China and globally. But it definitely is for organizations, just a good case study and a good reminder of engagement, and even engaging for the right reasons has potential consequences and opens you to reputational crises, operational crises around these different policy issues and political issues that are going on now globally. It’s not just State by State. It really is international flares to these issues.
Bryan Strawser: One of the challenges, I mean we’ve talked about this in various ways in the past on the podcast and on Managing Uncertainty around globalization and deciding to take your business outside of where it started, and doing so usually requires that you find ways to adapt to the norms of the countries in which you’re operating in.
Bryan Strawser: I know from my own experience in doing this in India and in Asia, my operating model there was different. My leadership approach was different. In some cases, more reserved than what my brash American in your face leadership style is, in some cases more aggressive because that’s what the local situation demanded and that’s just adapting my own leadership style. Your business has to adapt to the local cultural and norms.
Bryan Strawser: That’s the real challenge here I think is as we’ve talked about previously, the Chinese do not expect to be challenged by a business that they’ve granted permission to operate, particularly an American business. And so the NBA is going to have to really think about, any company that’s going to do this, is going to have to really think about the reputational aspects of this. I don’t know that the NBA or any company could have predicted what’s going on in Hong Kong this year.
Bray Wheeler: Right.
Bryan Strawser: But this kind of disruption is going to continue and the challenge will not be contained as we’re seeing here to just businesses operating in Hong Kong.
Bray Wheeler: I mean this is certainly headline grabbing type stuff. Things like regulatory and safety in factories and things like that in Country State you’re operating in aren’t the same as the US and that’s made some headlines here in the past few years. But, even things as simple as that, just how you operate your business even behind the scenes, there is an adaptation factor that has to take place.
Bray Wheeler: So moving on from Hong Kong until next week, the next topic is Syria. And so there is a few different things that are going on with the Syria Kurd issue, post US withdrawal or as we’re seeing active US withdrawal. Over the last 24, 48 hours, there’s been a lot of international media attention around Kurdish forces, Kurdish population’s reaction to the US leaving.
Bray Wheeler: There has been pictures of them throwing stones at different military vehicles. There has been pictures of US soldiers with patches of Kurdish forces to try and show the symbol of unity that, we’re still with you even though we’ve been ordered to leave, so there is just a lot of tension with the US-Kurd position now that the final US troops are moving out of that Kurdish region.
Bray Wheeler: President Trump has indicated that some troops may stay in Syria in order to protect oil fields, oil facilities in order to prevent ISIS who has capitalized on those facilities in the past from regaining control of those to sell oil on the black market, which was very lucrative for them for a while. So that’s the last force. Otherwise, the rest of them are moving into Iraq.
Bray Wheeler: As a result of piling on to that, ISIS has been posting a lot of propaganda material, particularly on the newer social media site that’s gaining popularity Tik Tok, which has meant to largely be funny. Their stuff is not so funny that they’re posting on there. So ISIS is really capitalizing here in the last week around this attacking prisons, attacking Kurdish forces to try and free up some of that land, facilities, captured members of ISIS, things like that, so ISIS has really been on a little bit of an upswing here the last week in terms of from where they have been at least relatively speaking.
Bray Wheeler: Finally, the unique piece that’s we’re recording this on Tuesday, October 22nd, but what has broken here today within the last couple of hours is, Turkey and Russia have reached an agreement on patrolling that Syrian border between Turkey and Syria. The US vacating that role as influencer in that area, Russia has stepped into that, and so they’re the power broker for moving the Kurdish forces out of that buffer area that Turkey is seeking to establish on the Syrian border. So a lot going on in Syria, a lot of different implications that will continue to play out, but really for organizations watching that, staying on top of all the different tentacles of what’s going on there is going to be very important, particularly on the US engagement front.
Bray Wheeler: If you have business with Turkey, that kind of relationship is a little bit unsettled. On the terrorism front, there is certainly the ISIS factor in that popularity. You may get some, not necessarily copycats, but sympathizers that may take action as, Oh, ISIS is back, I’m going to do something to affirm my spot. So there is just a lot going on that front.
Bryan Strawser: There’s a lot to keep an eye on, I think because you may not be doing business in… Well, you’re probably not doing business in Syria if you’re listening to this podcast.
Bray Wheeler: Hopefully not.
Bryan Strawser: Right. Hopefully not, but you’re probably doing business. If you’re international, you probably have some connectivity to Turkey and you’re more than likely have some connectivity to the Middle East region as a whole. This is definitely something to monitor. When we’ve talked about this on a previous episode, there’s a lot going on in terms of military conflict there that can expand.
Bryan Strawser: There’s obviously other countries that are bordering Syria have concerns about what’s going on and then the regional terrorism concern with ISIS and even their global reach. As this continues that they continue to gain foothold, a chance to reconstitute. There’s a lot to keep an eye on here and I’m sure we’ll be talking about this much in the future.
Bray Wheeler: I have a feeling it’s going to be another Hong Kong here over the next few weeks.
Bryan Strawser: It’s going to come out of nowhere and…
Bray Wheeler: We’re just going to keep talking about that, which transitioning into another topic we’ve talked to a lot a bit about is Brexit. So over the last 24, 48 hours here, Prime Minister Boris Johnson has moved to have the House of Commons vote on the agreements with the European Union that he reached with them over the last week. That got nixed yesterday by the House Speaker. He shut that down as a breach of protocol, but today they’re actually reviewing that agreement and hopefully voting on that. That’s the expectation.
Bryan Strawser: So they have voted. While we’ve been here-
Bray Wheeler: They voted.
Bryan Strawser: Recording this episode and we’re recording this episode.
Bray Wheeler: Look at that.
Bryan Strawser: A little afternoon on a Tuesday the 22nd, you’ll be hearing this likely on the 23rd-
Bray Wheeler: Real time. Yes.
Bryan Strawser: Update from just about 10 minutes ago while we were recording the podcast, UK Lawmakers, and I’m reading from the Wall Street journal here, UK Lawmakers on Tuesday endorsed Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Brexit deal, giving it critical momentum in Britain’s factual parliaments and raising the prospect that the country’s protracted divorce from the European Union is finally reaching the end game. The fight’s not over. Johnson will face further votes in the House of Commons that could delay or frustrate the deal, and he’s even threatened to pull the deal if they refuse to fast track the legislation.
Bryan Strawser: But in principle, this vote marks a remarkable turnaround for the Prime Minister who in three months has managed to both renegotiate an agreement with the EU and persuade the deeply divided house of commons of its merits. Earlier today, he was telling lawmakers that he would pull the deal and call for a General Election if they did not push this through in the calendar year 2019. Where was the vote? Here we go.
Bryan Strawser: Mr. Johnson negotiated a deal last week with the EU that covers payments to the EU, citizens’ rights and arrangement to avoid a hard border, a physical border from being built in Ireland. Despite running a minority government, Mr. Johnson in the last 48 hours has managed to win over to his course, a group of opposition labor lawmakers who backed Brexit and also persuaded almost all of the conservatives that he threw out of the party last month for defying him on a Brexit vote to rally behind his deal.
Bryan Strawser: Whether this alliance will hold is unclear. Lawmakers have already begun publishing proposed amendments to the now approved divorce deal. So there’s a lot here left to do, but in principle this is pretty remarkable turn around from even say Friday where things were at.
Bray Wheeler: Bryan correct me if I’m wrong, essentially the vote today was just to advance the conversation and movement to make the conversation official that yes, we are actually talking about it because for the longest time it’s been talking around the agreement or the process of getting to the agreement. Not necessarily the agreement itself, particularly in the last couple of months. But you’re right, I mean this is a huge move to even just open up that conversation channel implications if this does go through-
Bryan Strawser: They’re huge.
Bray Wheeler: Or a lot, they’re huge. I mean even down to, Scotland potentially thinking about breaking away from the United Kingdom to go back to the EU. I know there’s some tensions or uncertainty around what that lack of hard border in Ireland really the means, and whether or not that will play out how people say it will play out.
Bryan Strawser: What happens to Balmoral or Scotland succeeds? I’m sorry, I just went to the Queen’s favorite palace, but no, I mean you’re right. I mean there’s a ton of concerns around where things could go from here that are-
Bray Wheeler: Beyond the just [inaudible] economy.
Bryan Strawser: And I think, and I’ve mentioned this before and I like to just make this real for the impact on individuals. I’m a Grad student at a UK College and most of my classmates are not… I would say most of my classmates aren’t British. They’re from mostly from Commonwealth countries and a lot and then there’s a bunch of Americans in there. They don’t even know what this means. There was an email from the Principal of Kings college, which is the President of an American college, Dr. Byrne yesterday morning that said, we know many of you are concerned about this and the fact of the matter is we don’t know what’s going to happen, but here’s what we do understand today. And I thought that that was extraordinary that you’d have to send out a message about what your country’s immigration policy might be because you don’t know.
Bray Wheeler: Well in real time.
Bryan Strawser: In real time.
Bray Wheeler: And it’s not. Sadly-
Bryan Strawser: I mean I should let-
Bray Wheeler: You probably get an update.
Bryan Strawser: Maybe I’ll got an update from Dr. Byrne here on a…
Bray Wheeler: Perhaps by the time you’ve completed your coursework, it will be settled and finalized and you’ll be able to just-
Bryan Strawser: You’ll be able to figure it out.
Bray Wheeler: Float in for graduation. So for organizations around Brexit, I mean really between now and the 31st the deadline, things should become clearer or become muddier, one of the two. But now is the time to really pay attention. Now is the time to make sure that travelers are aware of what’s going on and the potential implications, both short-term and in the near term until things settle out or there. Organizationally, you’re having those discussions around what does this mean for our organization, whether we have operations in the EU and the UK or one of the other.
Bray Wheeler: Really now is the time if you… And we’ve stressed this over the last couple of months, but really watch what’s going on here and really start having real conversations around what this means for your organization. Because if you’re not, you’re going to be unprepared and you’re going to be in some trouble no matter how this shakes out, even if it’s orderly and everything else. The complexity here is pretty high and so to not have a good sense and feeling of what’s going on and understanding of some of the implications, you’re going to be behind the ball.
Bryan Strawser: Brexit’s a big one, most large organizations I think are studying this carefully and it’s tough as fast as this moving to understand the various provisions that are going on. I do think though, if you’re a US based company and you’re doing business in the UK, the US has individual agreements with the UK that will likely protect your business, but it will depend on where you’re coming from, where your folks are citizens of. There’s a lot of moving parts here to keep track of.
Bray Wheeler: Keeping with elections and votes and things like that, a couple of notable international elections have taken place here and we won’t go too deep because the actual impacts of these are still a little bit unknown, but Canada here today, last night in the last 24 hours, finalized their elections. Prime minister Trudeau was re-elected, however his party lost the popular vote. So there’s some political tensions going on within Canada itself. It’s been a little bit of an abnormally contentious election for them.
Bray Wheeler: I would probably argue they’re a little bit more civilized than the US elections typically, but this one was pretty contentious. Kind of a split votes. He was able to get his majority coalition. However, there’s a lot of uncertainty that has to play out on that front.
Bryan Strawser: Who did the liberals ally themselves with in their conservative government or I’m sorry, in their Coalition government. Do you know? Is it the new Democrats?
Bray Wheeler: I believe so. I have two of-
Bryan Strawser: The most ideologically aligned. It was interesting. I think everybody expected this to be closer between the liberals and the conservatives and it wasn’t. The liberals, that’s Trudeau’s party took a 157 seats losing 20. The conservatives gained 24, I think the surprise of the night was the Quebec Bloc, the [inaudible] names and one of the names they picked up their 32 they picked up a bunch of seats.
Bryan Strawser: They picked up 22 seats, almost as many as the Conservatives dead. And so I think somewhere in there lies the coalition that went on. But yeah, it’s interesting. Everybody expected this to be closer, I think, and it wasn’t. The liberals primarily relied upon Ontario for their votes in the popular vote, but there’s a lot of seats there. The conservatives could sort of vote was heavily concentrated in Alberta and Saskatchewan, but there’s not a lot of seats there, so that shows big in the popular vote, but just like our electoral college, it didn’t translate to seats.
Bray Wheeler: And then the other election, which has already taken place, but this is the aftermath is in Israel. So there was a very close vote with no majority, no rival at a coalition between Prime Minister Netanyahu and his counterparts… I’m going to probably, what’s his name? Gantz, former Israeli military general. Really Gantz took a little bit of a gamble and allowed Netanyahu to try and form his coalition first.
Bray Wheeler: Netanyahu had the majority of seats but really Gantz challenged that Netanyahu’s ability to try and form a coalition first. Unfortunately here Netanyahu’s coalition did not happen. He was not able to do it and it has now moved over to Gantz to try and form that coalition and if he is able to do that, that will be a shift in Israel’s coalition that they’ve seen for quite awhile.
Bray Wheeler: It has real political and personal implications for Netanyahu who is trying to stay in power in order to be exempt from some of some legal challenges he’s facing. If he is not Prime Minister, he is open to those legal challenges. So there’s a lot playing out there. Nothing is settled, but it is an interesting turn of events that Netanyahu was not able to get a coalition formed.
Bryan Strawser: And is likely the end of Benjamin Netanyahu’s political career. I mean there’s a criminal investigation that’s going on that I think was pending the outcome of this election to some extent?
Bray Wheeler: Yeah.
Bryan Strawser: I don’t know if you had more context on that.
Bray Wheeler: No, I think that’s… I mean that’s the piece that everybody’s playing up a little bit, but I think from implication to Israel standpoint that has less implication to operations and to the public of Israel other than removing somebody who’s faced a lot of controversy, especially over the last few years.
Bray Wheeler: So more to come there. Chile topic we haven’t talked about in quite a while. I want to just briefly touch on that. There has been protests here over the last four days in Chile, particularly in the major cities. The protests really started over a small increase in transportation costs, but that was really the straw that broke the camel’s back for the public in Chile who’s seen in spite of economic growth that Chile has experienced, wages have stagnated, the quality of living has not improved.
Bray Wheeler: So there’s just a lot of tension going on in Chile. And so this transportation increase on top of the fact that people aren’t making more wages has set off a lot of protests that’s taken place across the country with the military being deployed, political implications for the Presidents and some of the other politicians that are in an office.
Bray Wheeler: So if you have operations in Chile, you’re probably likely aware that some of that’s going on. But really this has the potential to turn into a Hong Kong situation where it could play out over a long period of time. Chile has a history of being a little bit more forceful on some of those things. So there’s more a physical security threat potentially with some of these protests here in Chile.
Bray Wheeler: So just another area to keep an eye on and we’ll likely be talking about that here in the next couple of weeks as well. Last topic we have of course, our first BryghtCast Weekly edition is a nice long one. We have lots of topics, but really this one is a little bit of an interesting one. I’m going to turn it over to Bryan, but it’s really around DHS, Department of Homeland Security here in the US. Leadership vacancies and the implications of that inability to fill some of those key spots.
Bryan Strawser: So there’s a really… So I think everyone’s aware at the start of this administration, John Kelly was the Secretary of Homeland Security. He resigned that position to become White House Chief of Staff, and then Kirstjen Nielsen came in as the Secretary of Homeland Security and was confirmed by the Senate. She served in that role until she was asked to resign by the president, and then the President named the Commissioner of Border Protection, I believe this is a McLaren as the Secretary of Homeland security, the acting DHS Secretary. And he resigned, was it last week? I think that took effect last week was his last week.
Bryan Strawser: And so now the President has to fill the role… The president never has a nominated a secretary. There’s no one pending. It’s been open for months. The acting Secretary has resigned. There is no Deputy Secretary. So the challenge becomes filling the role of a Cabinet Secretary means invoking part of a law called the Federal Vacancy Reform Act, which gives the President power to appoint individuals in roles within the Federal government in an acting capacity, except that there’s restrictions on this.
Bryan Strawser: And to appoint someone to the Secretary role, you have to have someone who has been either confirmed by the United States Senate in a previous role that’s currently serving for 90 days under the previous Secretary who was [inaudible] confirmed. That means it can’t be in a… It’s not service under an acting Secretary, it’s got to be serviced under a Senate confirmed secretary.
Bryan Strawser: Well, the last Senate confirmed Secretary was Nielsen, and since then we’ve had months without a Secretary in place. So my understanding from an article yesterday was that the President was looking to appoint Ken Cuccinelli, who was previously the Virginia Attorney General, or another individual who I believe was the acting Head of Customs and Border Protection.
Bryan Strawser: Cuccinelli is the acting Head of Citizenship and Immigration services. Neither of them served under Secretary Neilsen. So they’re not eligible and they’re not Senate confirmed. So they’re not eligible, and I believe most of the Assistant Secretary roles in DHS are either open or unsuitable in terms of the President’s mind. This is information that leaked out of the White House personnel office yesterday.
Bryan Strawser: So we’re in a really interesting bind here because there needs to be an acting DHS Secretary. There’s a number of statutory issues associated with that role. The department as a whole, one of the largest departments in the Federal government needs leadership, and we can’t even name an Assistant Secretary, Oh I’m sorry, an acting Secretary because we don’t have these roles. So the president’s really in a bind on this right now until he appoints a secretary. I’m not sure that we see any other way out of that.
Bray Wheeler: No, I mean it’s going to force his hand a little bit in terms of this acting leader position that he’s trying to put into place across several agencies. He’s likely going to have to nominate somebody in likely going to have to play the political game with those nominees that he’s successfully avoided here over this year in particular, he’s going to have to probably play ball again in that capacity. What would be, Bryan and your take and your expertise, what would be some of the implications just for from that lack of leadership with the organization’s thinking like FEMA and immigration and all those different pieces that DHS potentially overseas not even counting.
Bryan Strawser: Well, I think there’s a couple of key things that come to mind and I’m not an expert in all things that DHS does as a whole, and I want to make this nonpolitical in terms of content, but I think just there’s a number of issues in the public sphere right now related to DHS as work that I think are important to have a secretary or release an acting secretary in place in order to represent these issues before the American people and drive some of these policy questions to resolution.
Bryan Strawser: I mean, honestly I think the biggest one in the public policy spirit now is just immigration. The president’s made that a key part of his administration, as a key part of his campaign in 16 and will be again in 2020 and if you don’t have a public face of that, a policy face to that, that’s really the role of the Cabinet Secretary’s play as in implementing and speaking to the President’s policy and defending the President’s policy and bringing those policies to life.
Bryan Strawser: And whether you agree with the President’s view on immigration or not, we need to have that debate with that position filled in. There needs to be somebody that’s overseeing that work. I also think there’s been a number of things that don’t look good that have happened around immigration and detention and deportation of people and I think you need somebody there to mind the ship so to speak.
Bryan Strawser: That’s a civilian appointed at the Cabinet Secretary level to do that. And then I think there’s the contingency issue of we’re confronted with natural disasters all the time and FEMA, I think does a very good job of managing those in the role of the Federal Government to provide logistics and support and funding to the States who are really the ones in charge of response and the FEMA administrator as pending Senate confirmation.
Bryan Strawser: But there’s an acting Head who came from within FEMA and I’m sure they’ll do just fine, but they need top cover and it don’t mean to hide or conceal something.
Bray Wheeler: No.
Bryan Strawser: They needed somebody to help take the political issues off of their backs so that acting administrator, Pete Gaynor and the team can manage the situation. And I don’t think this any different from the other big agencies within DHS. I think that’s true for the US Coast guard. The Coast guards part of DHS and the Commandant who I met in Aspen in July is extremely capable leader and so as his team, but again, you need the civilian leadership to help you navigate situations, particularly political one.
Bryan Strawser: And let’s face it that the Federal budget is something that is a constant debate in Washington. And although the Commandant and the few minutes later to go and testify and make their own arguments, they worked for the DHS Secretary and they need to be able to be there as a part of that as well. So that’s probably a long winded answer, but I think those are the challenges we’re faced with.
Bray Wheeler: Yeah, no, I think to your point, it’s less the political implications and more the operational challenges for businesses around with these vacancies and acting leadership and a lot of these key posts within DHS and those implications on business, because you’re talking about travel and work visas, you’re talking about FEMA response to different things. You’re talking about coast guard implications to supply chain and logistics, all those different things.
Bray Wheeler: And to your point, that lack of not necessarily top cover but support to take the other issues off the plate so those Department Heads can actually do the things that they’re tasked with doing and that their agencies are required to do and should be doing. That’s really the main focus of that secretary is to act on their behalf and to support and redirect and direct as appropriate and triage for them, and that lack of stables leadership, consistent leadership in the agency has some very potentially real implications with this.
Bray Wheeler: And so hopefully it is going down that path of assigning a Permanent Secretary that being forced in that position while probably not what President Trump necessarily wants to have happen might actually be a silver lining for him in that agency and thereby the public in business operations in different organizations. So with that, that concludes the first of official separates BryghtCast Weekly Edition. We will be back next week with more topics, so look for this as a separate podcast subscription again, and we’ll chat next week.
Bryan Strawser: Thanks for listening.